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To Our Children Section

This section is meant as a "first aid" or "immediate intervention" guide. It is NOT a medical site and in ANY of these events, IMMEDIATE  professional medical help should be sought.

| Thermal Burn | Inhalation Burn | Acid Burn | Alkali Burn | Electrical Burn | Radiation Burn |


Thermal Burn

  1. As soon as possible, pour cold water over the body part for 10 to 15 minutes. This may only be effective if started within15 to 20 minutes from the onset of the injury.
  2. Cover the affected area with a clean dry sheet.
  3. Keep the affected area elevated above heart level, if possible, to reduce swelling.
  4. Maintain a normal body temperature, excess cooling and/or leaving a wet burn sheet in place for extended periods can quickly cause hypothermia.

Inhalation Burn

  1. Assess the victim's airway frequently for swelling (oedema) or spasm; call  911.
  2. Position the victim to maintain an open airway.
  3. Reassure the patient.

Acid Burn

  1. Continuously irrigate with body temperature water.
  2. Keep the patient warm.
  3. Do not attempt to identify specific neutralising agents when you should be irrigating the burn area.
  4. Seek medical attention.

Alkali Burn

  1. While protecting yourself, brush off dry particles from the victim's skin.
  2. Continuously irrigate (rinse) the area with body temperature water for at least 20 minutes before seeking medical help. Remember that heat is released when alkalis are mixed with water, therefore it takes large amounts of water to wash away the alkali.
  3. Do not attempt to identify specific neutralising agents when you should be irrigating the burn area.
  4. Seek medical attention

Electrical Burn

  1. Maintain cervical spine immobilisation, as injuries to head and spine are common.
  2. Call for medical help as soon as possible.
  3. Assess and maintain the airway.
  4. Identify and treat any burns associated with the electrical injury.
  5. Monitor victim's pulse, if heart stops (no pulse) call for help and start CPR.

Radiation Burn

  1. Prevent further contamination by decontamination. When possible,  remove clothing and put into a bag. If the water running off can be contained, have the victim shower; wrap the patient completely in sheets.
  2. Call  911 and tell them the exact nature of the problem. Specially trained personnel and equipment are necessary.

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