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To Our Children Section
1. Are there different degrees of burn injury?

Yes, there are 3 degrees of burn injury. They are: First degree burns where only the epidermis is involved. This type of wound is quite painful. An example of a first degree burn would be a sunburn. Second degree burns where the epidermis and some portion of the dermis is injured. A deep second degree burn requires 3-4 weeks to heal and may require skin grafting. Third degree burns which destroy the entire epidermis and dermis down to the subcutaneous tissue.

Click here for more information on burn injuries.

2. What are the sources of burns?

Burn injuries can result from the following sources:

  • Heat burns caused by flame or heat.
  • Chemical burns caused by irritating chemicals.
  • Electrical burns caused by an electric current.

Burns can be painful or painless depending on their degree. The severity may not be obvious for up to 24 hours, infection may occur if improperly treated. Burns of the fingers, genitals and eyes require immediate medical attention.

For more information on the source of burns and what to do and not do if a burn occurs click here.

3. How can I prevent my child, or anyone, from getting a hot water scald burn?

Scalding is the number one cause of burn injuries in North America. This type of burn injury occurs when a child spills hot liquid on himself or an adult misjudges the temperature of bath water. In term of injury and death, scald burns are the most severe.

Hot Water Bydro LinkPreventing a child from getting a scalding burn from a running shower is not an easy task. Although you should turn down the temperature on your hot water heater and have it set for 51.7 degrees Celsius (125 Fahrenheit) or less at exit, the hot water IN your tank  should be at least 145 Fahrenheit to destroy certain bacteria living in the tank. Preventive research in this matter is quite advanced. We strongly advise you to contact your local utility for further information on this matter. Shower heads that reduce water temperature are available at most locations selling plumbing supplies.

Click here for more information on preventing tap water scald injuries.

4. How can I make my home more fire safe?

Simple things such as installing smoke detectors, planning an escape route, practising kitchen safety, the proper storage of hazardous materials can all help make your home a safer place.

For more information and tips on how to fire safe your home click here.

5. What is skin or tissue donation and how does it help a burn victim? How can I arrange for this donation?

One skin donor can help up to eight people. Skin is removed from the abdomen, middle to lower back, buttocks and the front and back of the thigh. The skin removed is only about as thick as a facial tissue. Donated skin is used with burn victims. It can be placed on a wound and left up to six weeks. During this time , the patient has the opportunity to grow their own skin without trauma of losing new skin tissue to dressing changes and the risk of infection is greatly reduced.

If you wish to donate tissues for either transplantation or research, just sign the tissue and organ donor card with your driver's license and discuss it with your family so they are aware of your wishes.

For more information click here.

6. How can I teach my child not to play with matches?

Teach your child that a match is a tool and should only be used by an adult for a specific purpose, such as lighting candles, starting a campfire or lighting a fire in a fireplace. In general, the average age to begin the "Match is a Tool" education is about five. However, parents should determine when their individual child is ready.

For more information on teaching your child match safety click here.

7. How can I help?

Just click here for information on volunteering, contributing or making a donation. (how to help)

8. How do I plan an escape route?

It's simple. First, draw a basic plan of your home and mark all exits. Know two ways out of every room. Practice the escape plan every six months. If you live in a two-story building or apartment, have a collapsible fire ladder in every bedroom. Make special arrangements for children and people with disabilities and don't forget to designate a meeting place a safe distance away from your house.

For more information click here.

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